Difference between revisions of "Bacillus cereus"

(Differential Diagnosis)
(Prognosis)
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==Prognosis==
 
==Prognosis==
Most emetic patients recover within six to 24 hours but in some cases, the toxin can be fatal.<ref> Takabe F, Oya M (1976). "An autopsy case of food poisoning associated with Bacillus cereus". ForensicSci 7 (2): 97–101.</ref>
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*Most emetic patients recover within 6-24 hours
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**In some rare cases, the toxin can be fatal.<ref> Takabe F, Oya M (1976). "An autopsy case of food poisoning associated with Bacillus cereus". ForensicSci 7 (2): 97–101.</ref>
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 12:50, 4 August 2015

Background

  • Gram-positive, beta-hemolytic, rod-shaped bacterium
  • Known for causing foodborne illness in humans, though some strains are probiotic
  • Classically associated with "fried rice syndrome"
  • 8-16 hour incubation time

Pathogenesis

  • The emetic form is commonly caused by rice cooked for a time and temperature insufficient to kill any spores present, then improperly refrigerated. It can produce a toxin which is not inactivated by later reheating. This form leads to nausea and vomiting one to five hours after consumption. It can be difficult to distinguish from other short-term bacterial foodborne intoxications such as by Staphylococcus aureus.
  • Bacillus foodborne illnesses occur due to survival of endospores when food is improperly cooked. Bacterial growth results in production of enterotoxins, one of which is heat- and acid-stable (pH 2 to 11); ingestion leads to two types of illness: diarrheal and emetic.

Clinical Features

Differential Diagnosis

Acute diarrhea

Infectious

Noninfectious

Watery Diarrhea

Traveler's Diarrhea

Management

Prognosis

  • Most emetic patients recover within 6-24 hours
    • In some rare cases, the toxin can be fatal.[3]

See Also

References

  1. Kotiranta A, Lounatmaa K, Haapasalo M (2000). "Epidemiology and pathogenesis of Bacillus cereus infections". Microbes Infect 2 (2): 189–98. doi:10.1016/S1286-4579(00)00269-0. PMID 10742691.
  2. Marx et al. “Cholera and Gastroenteritis caused by Noncholera Vibrio Species”. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine 8th edition vol 1 pg 1245-1246.
  3. Takabe F, Oya M (1976). "An autopsy case of food poisoning associated with Bacillus cereus". ForensicSci 7 (2): 97–101.